|The AaO as Building Block in the Coupling of Text Kinematics with the Resonating Structure of a Metaphor - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
This article presents a study of the metaphor as instrument for the direct perception of events. Its major hypothesis refers to the event structure embedded in the ground of a metaphor. Since the ground is implicit in the linguistic manifestation, an invariant representation of textual movement patterns is assumed to capture the event structure. Experimentally, it is demonstrated that an event is perceivable only through structure...
Keywords: simile; unfolding; event structure; metaphoric ground; comprehension; concept; symmetry; figurative; language; construction; procedure; foliation; transformation
|The Manifestation of Symmetry between the Emergence of Consciousness and the Development of Competence - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
The article presents an experiment in which students, classified according to high and low analytical performance, were given a reading and text production test to determine their sensibility to the structure of an Icelandic saga. This material was used because of its extreme simplicity on the textual surface level, a property suited for studying structure as something beyond the surface. The hypothesis tested is whether the structure mediated through the produced texts pertains to a descriptive...
Keywords: learning strategy; single subject study; teaching strategy; writing style; AaO mechanism; holophors; metaphysical properties; Icelandic saga; Gunnlaug Ormstungu
|Individual Growth in Competence - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
This article presents the second study in a series that has been designed to manifest the emergence of consciousness and to measure developed competence. Its major aim has been to demonstrate that an invariant formulation of the Agent-action-Objective model and an analysis of its A-O kinematics have the capacity to re-produce contour similarity over time. Within the studied evolutionary-developmental context, the bio-kinematics of the discovered AaO-mechanism has governed the synthesising of inf...
Keywords: string; AaO mechanism; dynamics; concept; writing style; analytic; descriptive; synthetic; reflective; teaching process; Dwarf; Lagerkvist
|Sustainability of Authenticity - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
Today, design is the concept of fashion. This article is focusing on the notion that there is one ideal design of society. The search for ideal solutions of societal problems has been the habit of utopianism. With the purpose to clarify how a student understands prescription and the design of a perfect society, a discourse on Huxley's "Brave New World" is studied. This implies that the student as text producer is expected to communicate a particular intention and orientation, since certain viewp...
Keywords: discourse; non-linear language mechanics; AaO-paradigm; Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex); utopia; social design; manipulated reproduction; morality; literature study; Huxley; Atwood
|The Perspective Structure in the Verbal Flow - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
The concept of agent is introduced into a psychological analysis of natural language. The agent component has a steering funcÂ¬tion in the development of a perspective throughout a text. This is shown by an experiment with the series of pictures from the Visual Cliff studies. The pictures have been used to examine individual differences in the perception of ecologically significant information. Through a numerical analysis perceptual syndromes have been demonstrated.
Keywords: agent concept; numerical analysis; individual differences; symbolic integration; textual transformation; perspective separation
|Structural Variations in Verbally Reported Objectives - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
The study reported shows the implications of incorporating the autonomous observer into the experimental range. Subjects have verbally described pictorially mediated information, and their determination of the action centre of the observations has been made the basis for clustering ecologically significant objectives. It is demonstrated that objectives, conceptually divided into the subcomponents Figures and Grounds, are structured differently both in relation to each other and in relation to th...
Keywords: autonomy; observer; figure; ground; picture; mediated information; reference point; geometric formalism
|Concept Formulation: Part II. Measurement of Formulation Processes - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
This article is the second one of three presenting a framework, a method, and results respectively of a study of the ways in which people formulate their observations. The starting-point of this part is a discussion of the assumptions underlying analytical and class-based models. It is shown that the analytical approach to a measurement of cognition is inappropriate. The typically human ability to cooperative actions requires an instrument accounting for synthesis that is the schematising proces...
Keywords: synthetic assumption; analytic proposition; unrestricted response; class-based procedures; cognitive performance; texture; structure; linkage; change mechanism; information carriers
|Concept Formulation: Part III. Analysis of Mentality - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
This is the third article of a series of three about concept formulation. It presents an analysis of the mentality of a free and unrestricted interview. The article starts with an illustration of the way in which an algorithmic analysis of natural language production has been carried out. Especially the functioning of the algorithm in differentiating objectives from the perspective is emphasised. By means of the agent function, meaningful conceptual relations can be unambiguously and automatical...
Keywords: interview; differentiation; objectives; boundaries; affinity relation; topographic description
|A Cognitive Economics Approach to Information Management - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
This article presents a study in cognitive economics. It originates from a survey of mechanics carried out by a Swedish multinational machine industry. The verbal response of seven US and seven Swedish mechanics to three open questions concerning information needs were analysed with Perspective Text Analysis. Only configurations building on significant groupings, which do not fall below the lower limit of t.90 of the t-distribution, are retained in the analysis...
Keywords: cognitve; economics; structure; dimensionality; workers; multinational; industry
|Consciousness as a Function of Kowledge and Culture - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
The study of consciousness requires a language for exact and precise communication. This article presents a study of how workers in various cultural contexts value information of relevance to their job performance. The strategy of analysis applied differs radically from the classical approaches. Based on the concept of coordinative structure, functional linkages among textual Agents and Objectives provide for the emergence of mental phenomena...
Keywords: coordinative structures; functional linkages; open question analysis; cubic spaces; phase dependency
|Intuitive Judgement in the Context of Constructivism - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
This report presents the fifth and last experiment in a longitudinal study of text building behaviour at the Gymnasium level of a Swedish School. The series of experiments concerns natural language production as a means for the establishment of state attractors as well as their geometric space descriptions. The hypothesis tested during three years of instruction and learning is whether the evolving attractors pertain to a descriptive dimension (analytic sensibility) or to a reflective dimension ...
Keywords: AaO-paradigm; Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex); utopia; dystopy; citizenship; nurture; futurism; morality; de-humanisation; Huxley
|Analyse der Sprache in Verhaltenssimulierung - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
A simulation model is presented, which has been constructed in such a way that the trainee gets control over the context of her actions. Three types of simulated action-event-sequences are presented in an inductive way The aim is to demonstrate the texture of the simulation process. It is shown that visualised as well as verbalised information has to be processed in a cooperative manner in order to abstract the ecological invariants in the flow of the simulation process...
Keywords: behaviour simulation; closed circuit televison; video-recording; process analysis
|Con-Scious Measurement and Representation of Knowing - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
The classical hypothesis underlying measurement and representation of natural phenomena is based on the analytic proposition. The traditional assumption is that stimulus - response pairs can be studied with respect to intensity or power and resistence to change. In contrast, the Schema hypothesis advanced, assumes the synthetic proposition as the foundation of an approach that observes dynamics and invariance under change as essential...
Keywords: schema; synthesis; algorithm; agent control; ecology; topographic
|Analys av en interaktiv informationsorganisation - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
This report contains the evaluation of an I&D system developed at the Department of Educational and Psychological Research in Malmö. The analysis concerns (1) researcherâs specification of research problems for a selective dissemination of information, (2) the efficiencies of an adaptive and self-regulating system, and (3) information behaviour, need and resources within a locally organised I&D-system...
Keywords: information; need; use; behaviour; observation; communication; concept; analysis
|Concept Formulation: Part I. The Phenomenon of Cognition - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
A common way of looking at cognition builds on the generation and representation of knowledge based on syntactic models. Above all, in connection with computer applications, it is proposed that the syntactic models are of significance for research on language and cognition. In the representation of a cognitive phenomenon, language plays the central role. Therefore, a contrasting discussion of the basic assumptions of both syntactic and paradigmatic models is the starting point of a method develo...
Keywords: system; living; nonliving; logic; calculation; vision; semantics; AI; discovery; modelling; instrumentation; level; representation
|The Knower in the Known: A Theory of Information Synthesis - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
An ecologically oriented theory of information synthesis is presented in this paper. A model for the analysis of intentionality and orientation as expressed in natural language is put forward. The thesis is that knowledge is the result of an active inquiring agent (knower). His cognition rests on the extraction and abstraction of invariants. It is a mark of mentality that the knower always conceives the meaning of object-event relationships...
Keywords: AaO system; knower; information synthesis; agent function; perspective control; visual cliff
|Evolution of Growth in the Development of Competence - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
The article presents the third study of a series that has been designed to manifest consciousness and to measure developed competence. The emphasis of the main hypothesis has been put on the student's ability to adapt to the main idea of a given story and to express his comprehension verbally. In what way the two students of the previous two experiments have been able to accomplish the experimental task, is reflected in the state attractors of the produced fitness landscapes...
Keywords: optimism; Enlightenment; analytic-descriptive; synthetic-reflective; poetry; narrative; writing style; AaO mechanism; holophors; Voltaire; Candide
|Vetenskaplig information och dokumentation: Ett lokalt system i utveckling - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
Within many areas and at various levels people are discussing the problem of information and information overflow, at the same time as the need of information is greater than ever before. This report presents the basis for developing a locally anchored I&D-system within a research organisation. Since the basic concept in information processing is "data", the processes or "events" governing the data flow within a research institute are discussed...
Keywords: I&D-system; local communication; psycho-ecology; scientific information retrieval
|Heterogeneity in the Apprehension of Adaptation and Justice - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
The present report is about the fourth experiment in a series of five. This series concerns a longitudinal study of changing shapes of mind. Based on the assumption that mind is an emergent property of the processes that produce natural language expressions, mental development is discoverable through the Agent-action-Objective (AaO) mechanisms. The present study is focussing on the way in which the evolutionnary process of text production portrays the system of thought that holds that human fitn...
Keywords: PTA; AaO model; non-linear; language mechanics; learning strategy; competence; consciousness; shapes; mind; language; space representation; heterochrony; Strindberg
|A System for a Computer-based Content Analysis of Interview Data - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
Content analysis based on frequency distributions differs from impressionistic analysis and interpretations of written or spoken text. This type of analysis is objective insofar as it requires an explicit analysis procedure and a formalised analysis. Objectification means that a person transfers certain typical human functions to objects, i.e., tools, and that machines are developed that can carry out functions that were originally subjective...
Keywords: regression analysis; scaling; psycho-linguistics; concept formation; panel studies
|Perspektivische Textanalyse - Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk|
To an ever-increasing extent, in scientific investigations of various kinds are data collected, which consists of verbal expressions. They may have been generated through verbal presentations, personal interviews, open questions or written accounts. Therefore, it is not unusual that an investigator is confronted with data collections that appear to be âunstructuredâ and of an extent that it seems to be an insurmountable task to extract the information content with so-called informal methods, l...
Keywords: Perspective Text Analysis; AaO model; running text; functional text geometry
|Die Ökologie des Sprachraums - Bernhard Bierschenk, Inger Bierschenk & Helge Helmersson|
The dominating property of the present report concerns an approach, which is exclusively based on discontinuities as the reliable observations. In what way the presentation is designed and the main assumptions are formulated is described within an ecological context. Furthermore, a system of computer programs constitutes the background for reflection. A perspective, oriented on the environment, is extricated through effective evolutionary processes, bifurcation, and loss of stability...
Keywords: Perspecitve Text Analysis; AaO model; coding; strings; grapheme
|Ett datorprogram för syntaktisk kodning av titlar till vetenskapliga skrifter - Bernhard Bierschenk, Inger Bierschenk, & Agneta Sternerup-Hansson,|
A user-oriented coding of knowledge, which is disseminated through titles to scientific work requires information systems,which build on cognitive models. A computer program with comments to conceptual coding of titles is presented in this report. The cognitive model, which has governed the program development, is described briefly. The functioning of the program is illustrated with some computer outputs from a data base, which is representative of Swedish educational research.
Keywords: computer linguistics; program development; pattern generation; register; information; intermediate; cognition; documentation